Birder's Journal: Learning to Let Birds Come to You

Robert Winkler
for National Geographic News
October 11, 2002
On a bird count I become a hound, sniffing out birds while always on the
move. I first heard about a sedentary count from a birder I met at
Hammonasset Beach State Park in Madison, Connecticut. He and a few
companions had tallied some 60 species birding all day at a single spot.
It was a new event called a Big Sit, conjured up by a member of the New
Haven Bird Club. I dismissed such enfeebled birding as unworthy of my

By the time I was invited to join other birders for a Big Sit at Sherwood Island—a coastal state park off Westport, Connecticut—my opinion had changed. During the summer, I had taken my reading to a town beach in Westport, passing many hours on a sandy crescent across the inlet from Sherwood Island. But I didn't read much. Most of the time, I watched summer rhythms: shorebirds following the tide, lifeguards twirling their whistles, umbrella fringes and common terns flapping in the breeze.

From my bed of sand on those late-summer days, I saw things I had missed in miles of walking. A short-billed dowitcher shot along the inlet—I heard its subdued triple toot—the only dowitcher I saw all season. Least sandpipers landed at my bare feet. Fifty semipalmated plovers settled beside the Sherwood Island jetty and became invisible among the rocks. Children exploring the tidepools didn't notice the plovers, or the probing ruddy turnstone, or the teetering spotted sandpiper.

The carousel of life keeps turning, in time showing sides you might never see while moving with it. You need not always go to the birds. If you're patient, nature's ultimate travelers will come to you—the inspiration for the Big Sit.

The Big Sit is like a hawk watch because you stay in one place: a strategically located 17-foot-diameter circle. It's like a spring Big Day, also known as a Birdathon, because you count all species, not only hawks. Members of your team are supposed to stay in the circle from dawn to dusk on the second Sunday in October, and you compete with other teams for the highest species total. You can leave the circle to get a closer look at a bird you're unable to identify, but you can't count other birds while outside the circle.

Scouting Sherwood Island the day before the event, I couldn't imagine approaching the 70 species found a year earlier by big sitters at Milford Point, a Connecticut birding hotspot at the mouth of the Housatonic River. In three hours I had only 53 species, and that was while moving through the park in my usual doglike way.

The next morning I arrived before my two teammates and picked our spot: the picnic area behind West Beach. I had seen a sharp-shinned hawk and a kestrel there the previous day, and we'd have a view of most of Sherwood Island's habitats: Long Island Sound and the beach in front, the marsh and the Mill Pond in back, woods on the left, and dry brush on the right. It was also a very pleasant place to be, this grassy carpet dotted with oak saplings and picnic tables.

A west wind blew stiff and steady all morning, so I never really warmed up. Under low and swiftly moving clouds, the choppy sound was slate gray, a good background for spotting waterfowl, but all we had were mallards and black ducks, plus the usual gulls.

The land birds at times swirled around us, but generally they trickled through, crossing east to west over the open area where we stood. In the saplings, yellow-rumped warblers and a few palm warblers were our constant companions, and tufted titmice streamed by. Most of the park's common birds passed our checkpoint—if we didn't see them, we heard their distinctive calls.

Unusual species were an American oystercatcher flying way out above the sound, the fall's first red-throated loon, and a formation of 40 snow geese against the clouds. A peregrine falcon flew directly over us at 7:30 a.m.—we expected one but not so quickly.

We waited hours for several common birds—blue jay, northern flicker, and fish crow—but missed red-winged blackbird and American robin. We were lucky to get an eastern meadowlark and a common snipe, which usually stay on the east side of the park. Our only sparrows were songs and savannahs. More sparrows undoubtedly skulked in the weeds about 200 yards to our right, but we decided it would be cheating to send someone over to flush them into view.

Our scopes pulled in a lone greater yellowlegs on the Mill Pond, and we had fair success with raptors: 20 ospreys; five northern harriers; ten sharp-shinned, three Cooper's, and two red-tailed hawks; five kestrels; and the peregrine. Two of the harriers were flying west just above the sound, migrating over open water, I suppose, to avoid harassment by crows. A Cooper's hawk forced down a couple of black ducks crossing the marsh, but then passed over them—a practice attack maneuver.

To see what other birds were possible that day, we took a mid-morning foray into the rest of the park and found nine more birds, common species that had evaded our circle's radar. Of course, we could not include them in our official total.

We stopped after six hours at 12:30 p.m., with 55 species seen or heard from our beachside roost, two more than I had the day before on my customary rounds. Perhaps we could have broken 60 if we stayed all day, but we had no hope of surpassing Milford Point's 70 species, the Connecticut record at the time.

Although we fell short of the Big Sit champs, I never would have guessed that we could stay put and see 55 species at Sherwood Island in mid-October. I expected 30, 40 birds at most, but then again, I am a novice at sitting still outdoors. Rarely do I come to a dead halt for an hour or more. I pause to rest or admire a view, but in a minute I'm on my feet.

I like to walk when I go birding, but this is only one way to experience infinitely dynamic nature. When I meet a fisherman on one of my waterside rambles, he may mention birds I haven't seen. He hardly moves and sees a different world—nature's law of relativity. In the wild you can journey without using your feet.

Robert Winkler's book of essays on his adventures with birds of the "suburban wilderness" will be published in 2003 by National Geographic Books.

Recent Bird Stories by National Geographic News:
Do Some Birds Cheat to Avoid Inbreeding?
Birder's Journal: A Morning With Migrants
Water-Diversion Plan Threatens California's Salton Sea
500 Most Important Bird Areas in U.S. Named
Birder's Journal: This Warbler Is a Master of Deception
Bald Eagles' Manhattan Return Turns Turbulent
Birders Journal: Attack of the Flying Goshawk
Saving the Edible-Nest Swiftlet
Birder's Journal: Seduced by Dueling Thrushes
Birds Can Be Picky About Their Neighborhood, Studies Find
Acid Rain May Have a Role in the Decline of the Wood Thrush
Icelandic Kids Save Befuddled Puffins
Crow Makes Wire Hook to Get Food
Rare Warbler Eluding Extinction in U.S.
In India, Nets Save Baby Storks From Falls
Bald Eagle Bounces Back After Decades of Persecution
Birder's Journal: It's Survey Season for Breeding Birds
Conservationists Fight to Save Harpy Eagles
Birder's Journal: Chasing Down Warblers
Africa's New Safari Trend Is for the Birds
Decline of Red-Tailed Hawks Has U.S. Scientists Puzzled
A Reason to Give Thanks: The Return of the Wild Turkey
State Bird of Hawaii Unmasked as Canadian
Harry Potter Owl Scenes Alarm Animal Advocates
Ultrarare Woodpecker Spurs Ultimate Birding Trip
"Extinct" Woodpecker Still Elusive, But Signs Are Good
Extinct Dodo Related to Pigeons, DNA Shows
Bird Extinctions May Hold Clues to Human Survival, Author Says
Tagging Hobbles Penguins, Some Researchers in Cape Town Contend
Patagonia Penguins Make a Comeback
Penguin Decline in Antarctica Linked With Climate Change
Ice Buildup Hampers Penguin Breeding in Antarctica
Evolutionary Oddities: Duck Sex Organ, Lizard Tongue
Some Ducks Let Young Be Raised by Relatives
Turkey Vultures Flourish in the U.S. Thanks to Road Kill
Forecasting the Journey South

National Geographic Bird Resources:
Bald Eagles: Come Back From the Brink
Experience the Sights and Sounds of Eagles Bird-Watching Sites:
Boston Area
Chicago Area
Florida Keys Area
Maine's Acadia National Park
Mount Rainier
New Orleans Area
New York City Area
North Carolina's Outer Banks
Philadelphia Area
Portland Area
Rocky Mountain National Park
Salt Lake City Area
San Francisco Area
Santa Fe Area
South Dakota's Black Hills
Washington's Olympic National Park
Wyoming's Grand Teton National Park
Yellowstone National Park
Yosemite National Park

From the National Geographic Store:
Guide to North American Birds
Portable Birdsong Identifier
Birder's Journal
Songbirds Puzzle

Additional Information from Related Web Sites:
American Bird Conservancy
Fish and Wildlife Service Bird Web Site
National Audubon Society
Environmental Protection Agency: Bird Conservation

Join the National Geographic Society

Join the world's largest nonprofit scientific and educational organization, and help further our mission to increase and diffuse knowledge of the world and all that is in it. Membership dues are used to fund exploration and educational projects and members also receive 12 annual issues of the Society's official journal, National Geographic. Click here for details of our latest subscription offer: Go>>

© 1996-2008 National Geographic Society. All rights reserved.