Illustration by Jianni Liu
Published February 23, 2011
Fossils of an ancient, spiny creature dubbed a "walking cactus" have been found in China, a new study says.
The 2.4-inch-long (6-centimeter-long) Diania cactiformis had a worm-like body and ten pairs of armored and likely jointed legs. It would have lived about 500 million years ago during a period of rapid evolution called the Cambrian explosion.
Study leader Jianni Liu discovered the animal during a 2006 excavation in southwestern China's Yunnan Province.
"I was really surprised. I said, What's that strange guy with the soft body with very strong legs?" said Liu, an earth scientist at Northwest University in Xi'an, China.
"When I [went] back and observed it under the microscope, [I realized] it's not only funny, it's very important."
"Walking Cactus" a Clue to Arthropod Evolution?
That's because the newfound animal does not resemble other lobopodians, a primitive group of creatures that flourished in the Cambrian seas.
Although the walking cactus is part of this group, it has robust appendages like those of modern arthropods—joint-limbed animals such as spiders and crustaceans.
The walking cactus's unusual limbs strengthen the theory that modern arthropods evolved from lobopodians, the study authors say.
Liu, who found about 30 fossil specimens of the walking cactus, also has some hypotheses for how the creature hunted.
For instance, she suspects D. cactiformis may have sucked up tiny creatures in the mud with its proboscis or used its bristly legs to capture larger prey.
The new walking-cactus fossil is described this week in the journal Nature.
In a Myanmar border town, endangered animals are sold as medicines and meat to newly affluent Chinese.
Clodock has slipped through the net of history, preserving a way of life that's vanishing all over the world.
It's all hands (and paws) on deck when it comes to the poaching crisis in Africa.
The Future of Food
Food. It's driven nearly everything we've ever done as a species, and yet it's one of the most overlooked aspects of human history.
We've made our magazine's best stories about the future of food available in a free iPad app.