for National Geographic News
In the last three years, the United States has spent more than $2 billion dollars on a war that's surprisingly close to home. Colombia's battle against the illegal cocaine trade, as well as the drug producers and terrorist guerrillas it benefits, is a struggle for the soul of a country trying to emerge from 40 years of violence and unrest.
National Geographic Ultimate Explorer host Lisa Ling investigated the Colombian cocaine story, sitting down with everyone from President Alvaro Uribe to impoverished coca farmers. Her report, The War Next Door, premieres this Sunday, December 7, at 8 p.m. ET/5 p.m. PT and 11 p.m. ET/8 p.m. PT.
Ling spoke with National Geographic News reporter Brian Handwerk about her visit.
Colombia is one of the largest recipients of United States foreign aid in the world. How visible is the U.S. presence in the fight against cocaine?
The Americans fighting this drug battle are really investing themselves intensely, and they are making a fair amount of progressat least in terms of reducing the amount of coca. [But] it's not a very visible presence.
We do have the largest U.S. embassy in the world there, but the officials tend to keep a low profile. No U.S. troops are legally allowed to engage in fighting in Colombia, but we are training and equipping the Colombian forces. They wear uniforms provided by the U.S. and many of them are paid by the U.S. They are armed with American M16s and helicopters.
Colombian President Alvaro Uribe has made the fight against the drug trade a key component of his presidency, and it's caused him some problems. Even at his inauguration he came under fire from the guerrillasliterally. A mortar attack on the palace killed 19 people. How important is his role in the drug war?
He's an incredible president who for the first time has declared all-out war on the guerrillas.
You had an interesting meeting with him in Granada?
Absolutely. We were scheduled to interview him after he had addressed a town that had been controlled by the guerrillas for 10 years. We were there, in Granada, waiting in a crowd of people for his helicopter to arrive. All of a sudden, Boom! Boom! Shots were exploding from the mountainside and then the helicopter started firing back and we were sort of there in the crossfire. Everyone was hiding in a concrete building while guerrillas attacked the helicopter and it fired back with machine guns.
I never thought that he would land after that, so I was just totally shocked when he not only landed but was striding through the crowd in his enormous white hat, with no body armor or protection.
That was a dramatic introduction to an interview.
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