Disease and death have plagued indigenous communities in South
America since they first came into contact with outsiders from Europe
in the 1500s. The indigenous populations had no immune protection
against smallpox, measles, and flu, which wiped out thousands of
communities. By 1984, when this photograph was taken of Indians who
appeared from the forest one day at an oil exploration camp in
eastern Peru, only a few isolated uncontacted communities survived.
Today, the last remnants of indigenous Indians cling to their ancient
way of life in secret isolation.