for National Geographic News
From the center of modern New Delhi, the journey east to Anini, capital of the Dibang Valley district of Arunachal Pradesh, takes at least four days. The forested and isolated region near the border with China is known as a "hidden paradise" for its unspoiled beauty and panoramic views of the Himalaya.
The most remote district headquarters in India, Anini is so far removed from the rest of the country that until recently the local inhabitants, a tribe known as Idu Mishmiâs, had to rely on Indian Air Force helicopters to airlift rice, wheat, cooking oil, and other basic needs into the area.
Anini holds the singular distinction in India of being the only district capital without an all-weather road providing basic transportation.
Now, in what is believed to be the most remote cyber café in all of India, a new state-of-the-art computer center has put Anini on the "information superhighway."
The facility is one of 487 free community information centers that the Government of India has been installing throughout northeastern India. The U.S. $75 million project, which has wide political support, is part of a plan by the Ministry of Information Technology to bridge the digital divide in isolated corners of this vast nation, which is about a third as large as the United States and has slightly more than a billion peoplea population second only to China's.
People in the region hail the computer center as the first step in what they hope will be a permanent road linking them with the outside world.
"It is really difficult to understand how cut off from the mainstream the local populace is," said Wing Commander Ashish Mokashi, chief operating officer for the helicopter unit that provides service to the region from the Mohanbari Air Force base. "Young children see a helicopter and an airplane well before they get to see a bicycle or a car," he told The Indian Express.
Slow But Steady Progress
Until recently, there was no road at all leading in and out of Anini. The six Pentium computers and accessories provided for the new community information center had to be transported on elephant back, said Pramod Mahajan, federal minister for the Ministry of Technology.
"The district has no public transport system to boast about," said V. Abraham, district commissioner for the area. "Even the primitive hunter-gatherer Idu Mishmi tribals commute by helicopter on a regular basis, complete with their goats, bamboo hats, and machetes in tow."
About a year ago, the federal government's Border Roads Organization opened part of a 228-kilometer (141-mile) road that, when finished, will extend from Anini to the nearest road link, at Roeing.
Much as it's needed, the new unpaved road is only a start, said Rajesh Thacho of Anini, a member of the regional Legislative Assembly and deputy speaker of the House of Commons for the state of Arunachal Pradesh. "Most of the time this dirt track, which traverses through thick rain forests, is unserviceable since it is usually blocked by landslides," he said.
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