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Kindergarten through Grade 4
The Vatican is home to a unique community with its own postal service, radio station, and stores. Talk about what community means and what kinds of work or services are needed within a community. Take a shoebox, colored paper, yarn, scissors, crayons or markers, tape, glue and other art supplies and construct a shadow box community. Show the people who perform the work needed by the community and what services they perform.
Reading suggestions: What is a Community? from A to Z by Bobbie Kalman; Communities by Lisa Trumbauer; Communities by Gail Saunders-Smith; Pretend You're a Community Helper by Karen Bryant-Mole; I Live in a Town by Stasia Ward Kehoe; Rome by Nicola Barber.
Grades 5 through 8
The scientist Galileo was put on trial by the Vatican in 1633 for daring to support the theory that the Earth revolves around the sun, not the other way around.
Discuss the role of the sun in measuring time and the seasons, and talk about why it's important to measure time, using examples from daily activities and seasonal events.
To illustrate the sun's role in time measurement, take a poster board and plumbing plunger outside to a flat, sunny spot early in the day.
Use a compass to place the plunger on the south side of the poster board. Tack down the poster board and draw a circle around the plunger to ensure they remain in place. Mark the top of the shadow with the time.
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