Young Walruses Trampled by Stampedes in Warming Arctic

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The loss of 4,000 or more Pacific walruses is not a major blow to its population, wildlife service experts say.

While scientists lack a firm population estimate for the species, researchers have encountered herds as large as 100,000 in recent years, Woods said.

But if the sea ice continues to shrink—as climate models suggest it will—"we've got to anticipate that there will be additional impacts," Woods said.

For example, large congregations of walruses on the coastline may begin to overgraze available food, noted Kassie Siegel, an attorney and climate change campaigner for the Center for Biological Diversity in Joshua Tree, California.

Siegel's organization has led the effort to protect polar bears under the U.S. Endangered Species Act in light of their melting sea ice habitat. A final decision on the listing is due early next year.

The activists also filed a petition last week to list the North Pacific-dwelling ribbon seal under the act. Like the polar bear, the seal depends on the sea ice for survival.

The Pacific walrus also likely warrants protection, Siegel said, though scientists currently lack sufficient data on the species' habitat and population size compared to species such as polar bears.

Another subspecies of walrus, the Atlantic walrus, lives in Canada and Greenland and is already considered in danger.

"It's not that the species is necessarily at less risk," Siegel said. "It's just that we don't know as much about it."

Stopping Stampedes

Wildlife service biologists, in collaboration with Russian colleagues, are currently pulling together data from the first attempt to estimate the Pacific walrus population.

Their research methods included tagging, satellite imagery, and infrared photos taken from airplanes. The infrared images allow scientists to count walruses from heat escaping from their bodies.

Woods said the unexpectedly rapid melt of the sea ice this summer increases the need for the population estimates and will likely drive more studies on the impact of the melting ice. (See pictures of the "Big Thaw".)

In the meantime, the service is ramping up outreach efforts to the airline, hunting, and tourism industries to alert them to the presence of stranded walrus populations.

"People are working with us to try to avoid disturbing the animals unnecessarily," Woods said.

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