"Immediately the biggest problem is that people cannot go back to their food supply—they have to rely on food aid," Gwage said.
Robert Balekere, a waiter whose family home is in eastern Uganda, said many families in his area have been cut off from supply lines and are having to rely on whatever provisions they have saved up.
"The roads are still not clear—there's a lot of rain and water in potholes," he said.
"Crops were washed away, but some food was stored in homes, so people have that until things normalize."
Akumu, of Climate Network Africa, said key crops may ultimately be wiped out and the food supply seriously threatened if such extreme weather continues.
(Read related story: "Global Warming Threatens Coffee Collapse in Uganda" [July 24, 2007].)
She added that Africa's "carbon footprint"— the total amount of carbon dioxide and greenhouses emitted on the continent—is far smaller than that of other continents, and she blamed industrialized countries for Africa's current rainy disaster.
(Get the facts on global warming.)
"Africa is suffering because of the actions of the others, the principal emitters of greenhouse gases," Akumu said.
Floods, droughts, and landslides are expected to occur more often in Africa, along with the appearance of diseases such as typhoid, cholera, and malaria, Akumu said.
"Extreme weather will become more frequent," she said.
James Magezi-Akiiki, climate change specialist with Uganda's Department of Meteorology, said the government is beginning to consider the effects of global warming as it plans infrastructure projects like roads, bridges, and other developments.
"In Africa, adaptation to climate change is more important than mitigation [of greenhouse gas emissions and other causes]," he said.
In the future, Magezi-Akiiki added, Africa will need more durable roads and homes to adapt to the changing climate.
Otherwise, said Akumu, "We don't know how much more [of this weather] we can take."
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