Extreme Global Warming Fix Proposed: Fill the Skies With Sulfur

<< Back to Page 1   Page 2 of 2

Two years ago John Latham, an atmospheric scientist from the U.S. National Center for Atmospheric Research in Boulder, Colorado, and his colleagues put forward a plan to whisk up seawater to encourage cloud formation in the lower atmosphere, thereby reflecting radiation back into space.

"All of us recognize that geo-engineering seems increasingly likely to be the only route to staving off a cataclysm in the short term before new, clean energy sources are developed sufficiently," Latham said.

He thinks that Crutzen's idea is feasible, but he says further investigation is needed.

"This idea could help to hold the temperature constant, but we need to examine some of the potential adverse ramifications," Latham said.

Crutzen admits that there is a risk of the sulfur becoming a health hazard if it rained back down on Earth.

In addition there could be an increase in damage to the ozone layer and a whitening of the sky.

"If things go wrong during the experiment, then [we would] stop," he said. "In a few years the atmosphere [will] return back to its earlier condition."

On the upside, sunsets and sunrises would become more spectacular.

Crutzen calculates that launching enough sulfate to have an effect for two years would cost between 25 billion and 50 billion U.S. dollars, about $25 to $50 per head in the developed world.

There may still be time for nations to reduce greenhouse emissions enough to make such extreme measures unnecessary, Crutzen concludes, but no one can know for certain.

"We don't know the future, so this question is impossible to answer," he said.

Free Email News Updates
Best Online Newsletter, 2006 Codie Awards

Sign up for our Inside National Geographic newsletter. Every two weeks we'll send you our top stories and pictures (see sample).

<< Back to Page 1   Page 2 of 2


SOURCES AND RELATED WEB SITES

ADVERTISEMENT

NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC'S PHOTO OF THE DAY

NEWS FEEDS     After installing a news reader, click on this icon to download National Geographic News's XML/RSS feed.   After installing a news reader, click on this icon to download National Geographic News's XML/RSS feed.

Get our news delivered directly to your desktop—free.
How to Use XML or RSS

National Geographic Daily News To-Go

Listen to your favorite National Geographic news daily, anytime, anywhere from your mobile phone. No wires or syncing. Download Stitcher free today.
Click here to get 12 months of National Geographic Magazine for $15.