It's been called "devastating" and "excessive," driving at least one opponent to call government officials "a bunch of punks."
The Clean Power Plan, finalized August 3 by the Environmental Protection Agency, does not mandate the shutdown of any particular coal plant. That hasn't stopped it from drawing ire and lawsuits from coal-heavy states such as Kentucky and West Virginia.
The graphic below explains the opposition: Overwhelmingly dependent on coal, these states will likely need a fundamental shift in their electricity mix in order to help the U.S. meet its climate goals. The new rule aims to cut carbon dioxide emissions from power plants—the nation's largest source of carbon pollution—32 percent from 2005 levels over the next 15 years. That's up from the 30 percent initially proposed in 2014.
Generating power from coal emits almost twice the carbon of natural gas-fired power, so ramping it down (or installing pricy pollution controls) is a key lever to pull, especially for seven states that get 70 percent of their power from coal: Kentucky, West Virginia, Wyoming, Missouri, Ohio, Indiana, and Utah.
Those states saw their target emissions reductions increase last week by 10 percent or more from the plan originally proposed in June 2014. Other coal-reliant states such as Montana, North Dakota, and Kansas also face tougher goals under the final rule. Goals for other states eased a bit, while Hawaii and Alaska were exempted entirely due to a lack of data.