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This Is How the EPA Uses Its Budget—Now Targeted for Deep Cuts

The White House's newly proposed federal budget would cut the EPA's funding by a third, targeting regional and climate change-oriented initiatives.

EPA expenditures by category

For fiscal year 2016

Grants

45%

Total

$10 billion

Contracts

29%

Payroll

22%

Other

4%

EPA expenditures by goal

For fiscal year 2016

Clean and

safe water

52%

Land

preservation

and restoration

23%

Clean air

12%

Healthy

Communities and ecosystems

7%

Compliance, environmental stewardship

6%

EPA expenditures by category

EPA expenditures by goal

For fiscal year 2016

For fiscal year 2016

Clean and safe water

52%

Grants

45%

Total

$10 billion

Contracts

29%

Land preservation and restoration

23%

Clean air

12%

Payroll

22%

Healthy communities and ecosystems

7%

Other

4%

Compliance, environmental stewardship

6%

NG STAFF. SOURCE: FISCAL YEAR 2016 AGENCY FINANCIAL REPORT, EPA


Ensuring clean air, land, and water—this is how the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) uses nearly 90 percent of its budget. However, in a controversial move that has many advocates concerned, this same budget has been slated for deep proposed cuts.

President Donald Trump's proposed $1.1 trillion budget, released early Thursday morning, would reduce the EPA's budget by 31 percent. Along with the EPA, a dozen other agencies from the State Department to Housing and Urban Development would see significant budgetary reductions.

Last year's EPA budget, allocated at $8.1 billion, was the lowest it had been in 16 years. Forty-five percent of the agency's spending on these initiatives comes in the form of grants.

An anticipated 3,200 positions would be cut from the EPA if Trump's proposed budget were adopted by Congress. Payroll accounted for 22 percent of the EPA's previous budgetary allocations.

Budget

In billions of dollars, adjusted for inflation

EPA

NOAA

12

10.5

10

8.1

8

5.8

6

4

3.4

2

0

2000

2016

Workforce

Number of employees

EPA

NOAA

20,000

17,726

15,376

15,000

12,463

11,365

10,000

5,000

0

2000

2016

Budget

Workforce

In billions of dollars, adjusted for inflation

Number of employees

EPA

NOAA

EPA

NOAA

20,000

12

17,726

15,376

10.5

10

15,000

8.1

12,463

8

11,365

10,000

5.8

6

4

5,000

3.4

2

0

0

2000

2016

2000

2016

NG STAFF. SOURCE: ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY


John O'Grady, head of a union that represents EPA employees, told CNN: "The U.S. EPA is already on a starvation diet, with a bare-bones budget and staffing level. The administration's proposed budget will be akin to taking away the agency's bread and water."

The chart above outlines how the EPA prioritizes funding by initiative. Clean and safe water accounts for nearly half of all expenditures, land protection accounts for 23 percent, clean air 12 percent, healthy ecosystems 7 percent, and compliance 6 percent.

The proposed reduced funding for the EPA and other federal agencies was instated to accommodate a nearly $54 billion increase in funding for the military.

While Trump's proposed budget outlines funding for essential water infrastructure, it significantly reduces funding for larger, wide-reaching environmental protection initiatives. The Great Lakes Initiative, a comprehensive plan to restore and protect the ecosystem surrounding the Great Lakes, is eliminated from Trump's proposal. The Great Lakes are the largest source of surface freshwater in the world.

The Chesapeake Bay Initiative, created to similarly protect one of the nation's most critical ecosystems, would also no longer receive federal funding.

Much of Trump's budget proposes leaving regulation and funding to the states.

EPA efforts to combat climate change would be significantly debilitated by Trump's budget.

The Clean Power Plan, proposed by former President Obama in 2015, would no longer receive funding. While the Supreme Court issued a stay on the order in 2016, several states have moved forward to attempt to reach the plan's requirements, which limits the amount of carbon dioxide produced from power plants.

Funding for other internal climate change initiatives, research, and partnership programs would also be eliminated.

EPA administrator Scott Pruitt has openly questioned the scientific validity of climate change, claiming it was not the primary contributor to global warming.

In total, more than 50 EPA initiatives would be culled.

Read about the tangible effects these cuts could have here.

Federal budget in 2016

DISCRETIONARY SPENDING

NON DEFENSE

$600 billion

EPA

8.1 billion (0.2% of the total)

DEFENSE

$584 billion

MANDATORY SPENDING

SOCIAL SECURITY

$910 billion

MEDICARE

$588 billion

MEDICAID

$368 billion

OTHER

$563 billion

NET INTEREST

$241 billion

Federal budget in 2016

MANDATORY SPENDING

DISCRETIONARY SPENDING

EPA

$8.1 billion

0.2% of the total

 

SOCIAL SECURITY

$924 billion

NONDEFENSE

$627 billion

DEFENSE

$595 billion

TOTAL

$4 trillion

MEDICARE

$589 billion

OTHER

MEDICAID

$367 billion

NET INTEREST

$240 billion

OTHER

$608 billion

NG STAFF. SOURCE: BUDGET OF THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT, FISCAL YEAR 2017