National Geographic Daily News
Google Doodle of Grace Hopper.          On Mon, Dec 9, 2013 at 12:09 PM, Google Press  wrote:  Sure thing.       On Mon, Dec 9, 2013 at 12:07 PM, Sherry L. Brukbacher  wrote:  Hello Google - Would you be OK with our doing a similar piece on today's Google Doodle on Grace Hopper?

A Google Doodle honors one of history's first computer programmers.

Doodle Courtesy of Google

Jane J. Lee

National Geographic

Published December 9, 2013

Today's Google Doodle honors Grace Hopper, one of the first computer programmers to work on the Mark I computer for the Navy in the 1940s.

Tasked with maintaining the computer that helped the Navy produce tables for aiming artillery and bombs during World War II, it's said Hopper once removed a moth that had flown into the machine's guts, literally "debugging" the computer. (See "6 Women Scientists Who Were Snubbed Due to Sexism.")

Born in New York City on December 9, 1906, Hopper went on to receive a doctorate in mathematics from Yale University in 1934. (See also "Why Is a Woman Who Loves Science So Surprising?")

Hopper taught mathematics at her alma mater Vassar from 1931 to 1943—the last two years as an associate professor—when she joined the Navy Reserves in 1943.

The programmer, also known as "Amazing Grace," first retired from the Navy in 1966 as a commander, but would be called back to active duty in 1967. She finally left the Navy as a rear admiral in 1985.

The United States destroyer U.S.S. Hopper is named for her.

Hopper died on January 1, 1992.

Follow Jane J. Lee on Twitter.

3 comments
Aaron Vannoy
Aaron Vannoy

This is the kind of story and person that children need to see and hear about on media outlets.  Thank you for telling her story.

James Lucier
James Lucier

Of greater interest might be that this woman also designed the most widely used business language in the 70's and 80's  - COBOL. which I used at Lockheed Missiles and Space Co. during  the 70's and 80's..


Cameron Spitzer
Cameron Spitzer

We shouldn't forget how COBOL was pitched.  It was the language that was so simple that Dilbert's boss could write programs, and managers wouldn't need those arrogant, overpaid neckbeard geeks any more.

The same pitch was used to sell ADA and Java.  It was a lie all three times.

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