National Geographic News
A Cerulean Warbler perched on a branch.

A cerulean warbler perched on a branch.

Photograph by Glenn Bartley, Corbis

Mel White

for National Geographic

Published June 21, 2013

Part of our weekly "In Focus" series—stepping back, looking closer.

Throughout the year, birders look forward to changing seasons and avian scenes as they explore woods, grasslands, and wetlands: the spectacle of spring migration, the songs of breeding birds, the autumn southward flight of wintering species from northern nesting grounds.

Increasingly, though, both casual bird-watchers and ornithologists note a steady decline in numbers—not just of endangered species, but also of common birds not usually considered to be at risk. Study after study, survey after survey show a worrisome downward trend in populations.

A National Audubon Society report called "Common Birds in Decline," for instance, shows that some widespread species generally thought to be secure have decreased in number as much as 80 percent since 1967, and the 19 others in the report have lost half their populations. The figures reflect an array of threats faced by birds throughout North America. (Read about the decline of European songbirds in National Geographic magazine.)

Migrants return from Central America to find that the brushy field where they nested the previous year is now a strip mall.

Millions of songbirds annually suffer bloody death in the claws of domestic cats. Millions more collide with city skyscrapers or communications towers, or fly into the glass windows of suburban houses.

And climate change could degrade or even eliminate habitats in ways that scientists have only recently begun to study and try to forecast.

Threats to songbirds occasionally make splashy headlines, as when Smithsonian scientists released a report in January indicating that free-ranging domestic cats kill far more birds than previously believed: between 1.4 and 3.7 billion birds annually in the lower 48 states.

The report, based on 21 studies of cats and birds in the United States and Europe, showed that cat predation may well be the greatest source of human-related bird mortality in the country. (Read "Why Novelist Jonathan Franzen Loves Birds.")

The American Bird Conservancy addresses this often-contentious issue in its Cats Indoors campaign, aimed at convincing cat owners and local lawmakers that the environment is better off when cats are kept inside—as are cats themselves.

Though it brings the subject of bird conservation to a wide audience, the attention-grabbing news about cat predation reflects only one of many dangers looming for the continent's bird life, some far more ominous.

Wind Farm Dangers

To conservationists, the gigantic blades of wind turbines represent double-edged swords.

Though numbers are subject to debate, one biologist estimated in 2009 that 440,000 birds were dying each year through impact with wind turbines. Whatever the figure, it's bound to rise as more wind farms are constructed.

"We recognize and support the use of renewable energy to avoid climate change, which will impact everything," says Gary Langham, vice president and chief scientist for the National Audubon Society. "Obviously we're concerned about getting the siting done correctly, so there's minimal chance of killing a condor or a golden eagle."

The American Bird Conservancy and other groups support proposed regulations that would keep wind turbines away from migration routes, wetlands, wildlife refuges, and similar areas likely to be frequented by birds.

"In a way, this is the focal area at the moment because it's the one that's changing fastest, with the greatest increase in threat," says conservancy vice president Michael Parr. "If we could get it right now, this will set the course for the next 30 years or so."

In a related move, a coalition that includes conservationists, the Federal Communications Commission, and the Federal Aviation Administration has been studying the design of communications towers to try to reduce the estimated six-million-plus birds killed each year in collisions with the towers and their guy wires (the heavy cables that anchor the masts to the ground).

The most recent findings show that the steadily glowing red lights seem to confuse flying birds, causing them to crash into towers or to fly in circles until they drop from exhaustion. Replacing these lights with flashing strobe lights could cut bird mortality by as much as 75 percent without compromising aircraft safety.

Tower owners have questioned the accuracy of bird-death figures, and resist the expense of converting lights on existing structures. Nonetheless, conservation groups continue to push for safer tower lights, and the FAA is studying proposed new regulations.

Acre by Acre, a Losing Battle

Meanwhile, many ornithologists, while regretting bird deaths caused by cats and towers and supporting efforts to reduce them, see those and similar issues as distractions from a far more important problem.

"To me, the top three threats to birds overall are habitat loss, habitat loss, and habitat loss," says Ken Rosenberg of the Cornell Lab of Ornithology. "We're losing the battle acre by acre."

Gary Langham of Audubon agrees. "Certainly to this point, loss of habitat is the number one problem," he says. "In some cases, say in California, we have removed or converted up to 99 percent of riparian [streamside] habitat and 95 percent of wetlands. Those losses have huge impacts on birds."

Several reports titled "State of the Birds," issued jointly by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and conservation groups since 2009, have tracked a broad downward trend for most natural bird habitats.

Grassland birds, for example, have declined about 40 percent in the past 40 years, reflecting the continuing loss and degradation of native prairie through expansion of cropland, overgrazing, and invasion by alien vegetation.

Of the more than 300 million acres of grasslands and pastures across the United States, only about 13 percent is publicly owned. As a result, conservation of such habitats depends largely on incentives to private landowners, including the federal Conservation Reserve Program (CRP), which pays farmers to take land out of agricultural production and convert it to environmentally valuable uses.

"The biggest factor in agricultural systems is changing commodity prices," Cornell's Rosenberg says. "With this big push to raise corn for ethanol production, just since 2008 we've lost 23 million acres that were in CRP and other farm-bill programs and have been converted back to crop production.

"So you could think of it this way: While we're arguing about wind towers and all these other issues, we've lost 23 million acres of habitat. That's the kind of really big thing that can have a major effect on bird populations."

Just the Right Habitat

Habitat loss doesn't necessarily mean acts as overt as turning forests into subdivisions or prairies into cornfields. For years, ornithologists have been worried about the cerulean warbler, a small blue-and-white bird of the eastern woodlands. Studies have shown a population decline for the species in recent decades of 50 to nearly 80 percent in some areas.

Biologists long thought that ceruleans needed mature deciduous forest, and were puzzled when the birds didn't breed in what seemed like good habitat.

But thanks to newer research, they now know that ceruleans need broken mature forest, with gaps in the canopy—a condition not present in even-aged woodland created by modern forestry practices. Modify a mature forest to create gaps, and ceruleans will return.

Such results are good news for a threatened species, but it's only one part of the puzzle that must be complete if the bird's future is to be secured.

The cerulean warbler is classified as a neotropical migrant, one of dozens of birds that nest in North America but spend the winter in the tropics. They need habitats that provide food and shelter year-round, not just on North American breeding grounds.

But southern shelter is harder to come by as development degrades the environment in areas from Mexico and the Caribbean to Amazonia. The cerulean warbler spends winter on the slopes of South America's Andes, at the same elevation where coca is grown to supply cocaine for illegal drug markets in the United States and Europe.

Forest loss for coca cultivation (and possibly spraying of herbicide in antidrug operations) may be harming cerulean populations nearly as much as changes to their habitats in North America.

Even if habitat isn't destroyed, it can still be "lost" to birds in other ways. The piping plover, a small brown-and-white shorebird, nests on the same seaside beaches, lakeshores, and river sandbars that humans use for swimming, picnicking, and driving all-terrain vehicles.

Tires crush nests; dogs and raccoons eat plovers; picnickers cause breeding birds to abandon their eggs; dams on rivers change natural water flow and destroy nesting sites.

The population of piping plovers dropped to fewer than 3,000 breeding pairs in 2001. Recovery efforts have been under way for decades, including temporarily fencing off nesting beaches during breeding season and controlling predators.

Results have been mixed, with plovers in a few regions doing well while others barely hold their own. Measures to protect piping plovers have angered residents of towns such as Seabrook, New Hampshire, and Plymouth, Massachusetts, who see beach closures as violating their rights to use public recreation areas.

"Most Serious Threat This Century"

It's easy to see the sudden loss of habitat when, say, a marsh is drained. The effects of climate change, by comparison, move in extreme slow motion. Yet scientists say the results will be far more profound.

The Bicknell's thrush is a rare bird found in the United States only in high-elevation spruce-fir forests on a few mountaintops in the Northeast. In Canada, it breeds in similar habitat at lower elevations.

The great majority of these brown, robin-sized birds winter on the Caribbean island of Hispaniola. Biologists worry about the future of this vulnerable species, as it faces threats at both ends of its migratory journey.

If global temperatures continue to rise, spruce-fir forest could disappear from peaks in the United States, displaced by hardwood forest rising along mountain slopes. That would mean the end of Bicknell's thrush as a breeding species in this country. (It could take longer for the species to be seriously affected in Canada.)

More threatening, however, is the condition of the wintering range on Hispaniola.

Decades of intensive logging and clearing for agriculture have destroyed nearly all natural forest in the desperately poor country of Haiti, which comprises the western third of the island. In the Dominican Republic, which occupies the rest, illegal logging is eating away at a national park that's one of the most important winter refuges for the Bicknell's thrush.

The species could well disappear even before climate change eliminates its nesting habitat.

But climate change will affect birds in multiple ways, some of them impossible to predict. One small example: Gray jays, the bold "camp robbers" of boreal forests, depend for much of their winter food on nuts and other items they cache during fall, when food is abundant. If temperatures rise, much of that food could rot by the time the jays need it, instead of being safely stored in a natural freezer.

The National Wildlife Federation recently issued a report calling climate change "the most serious threat this century facing America's migratory birds."

Changing precipitation patterns in the midwestern "prairie pothole" region, the NWF says, could cause the loss of significant breeding habitat for ducks, including mallards and pintails.

Another potential climate change victim: the shorebird called red knot, which depends on horseshoe crab eggs in Delaware Bay to provide energy on its northward spring migration. Changing climate, the report says, could disrupt the timing of horseshoe crab egg-laying and the red knot's stopover in the bay.

In one significant way, North American birds are better off than their relatives across the Atlantic. As Jonathan Franzen reports in the July issue of National Geographic, hunting takes a significant toll on a wide array of birds in Europe and northern Africa—not just waterfowl and other traditional game species, but also songbirds, hawks, and shorebirds, killed by the millions in nearly unregulated slaughter.

Thanks to better (and better-enforced) conservation laws and different hunting traditions, North American nongame birds don't suffer the same year-round ordeal of guns and traps; our migratory species aren't forced to run a gantlet of indiscriminate shooters as they travel to and from their breeding and wintering grounds.

The threats they encounter here, though, are varied and—whether immediate or long-term—just as deadly.

27 comments
Angela S.
Angela S.

there is a lesson to be learnt here, I believe we should stand and re enforce it , I don't want to see a beautiful dead bird every time I walk at the park

Reesa St George
Reesa St George

Both of you...I don’t see why there is so much questioning and criticizing this article. The author is anti-cat... there are nothing but lies... it’s all political, yada yada yada ....Man, talk about paranoia.Your own private blog, nice. Logic tells us that all of the causes listed are true.With the worldwide bird population decline, I can’t imagine how destruction of habitat and pollution, not to mention other human-directed forces, would not severely impact the numbers of the wild bird population.  I've seen birds decline drastically in specific areas over 20 to 30 years. Is this the natural way of things??  Also, you don’t have to be anti-cat to want your cats indoors regardless of if you think they will eat all the birds in the neighborhood.Keeping them in is just common sense, for the safety of your cats.As far as our “natural world” goes, there is no “natural world” anymore.We are destroying the ecosystems of the world, we have changed the way ecosystems develop and sustain themselves in such unnatural ways that you can’t say leave it alone and let it take its course.There is nothing natural about how nature works anymore as human destruction itself is a new and unnatural force in this world.And, if we didn't care about the birds in our backyards, regardless of the reasons why (they're pretty), then many species on this planet would have perished without human concern.  I'm not for sustaining species in artificial environments (zoos) because we've managed to kill them off.  I'm just saying that we all have a duty to care for species other than ourselves.  If it's in in your own backyard, then that's where it is.  We've managed to kill off so many species to extinction.  That's no natural way of things.  And another thing, leave the geneology to private emails.It has nothing to do with the topic and really, nobody cares less about it.

greg brady
greg brady

You can't trust these articles. They are based on LIES. There is a modern conspiracy against cats right now. Pet food corporations are part of the agenda. They put poisons in the foods in an attempt to shorten the life span on as many cats as possible. This is a fully political scheme. NationalGeographic is just another corporation that can and does get paid to lie. Where there is money, there is deception. What the dumb people of this generation don't know is that many bird species have came and went over the past thousands of years. It is a normal part of the cycle of life. And automatic regulation process. If you were to see time go back rapidly over hundreds of years, you would see types of birds come and go. New ones would arrive. Just as they are today. Do not fall for the LIES you are hearing now. Its all part of the big evil that surrounds this world. The bottom line is to make fools out of people. Don't be a fool.

Feed cats birds, rabbits, and rodents. We will always have an abundance of birds as long as the corporations don't kill them off. They seem to be killing off bees and more already. But the natural part of our eco system never did such a thing. Leave it alone. Just because you like how pretty a songbird looks. That doesn't mean you have the right to play God and protect it. That's selfish and undermines our natural world.

Unwise men have been proving over and over just how uncaring and destructive they are to the world. They are liars, cheaters, thieves, and killers. I would exterminate a rich man before I would an animal.

 

greg brady
greg brady

You can't trust these articles. They are based on LIES. There is a modern conspiracy against cats right now. Pet food corporations are part of the agenda. They put poisons in the foods in an attempt to shorten the life span on as many cats as possible. This is a fully political scheme. NationalGeographic is just another corporation that can and does get paid to lie. Where there is money, there is deception. What the dumb people of this generation don't know is that many bird species have came and went over the past thousands of years. It is a normal part of the cycle of life. And automatic regulation process. If you were to see time go back rapidly over hundreds of years, you would see types of birds come and go. New ones would arrive. Just as they are today. Do not fall for the LIES you are hearing now. Its all part of the big evil that surrounds this world. The bottom line is to make fools out of people. Don't be a fool.

Feed cats birds, rabbits, and rodents. We will always have an abundance of birds as long as the corporations don't kill them off. They seem to be killing off bees and more already. But the natural part of our eco system never did such a thing. Leave it alone. Just because you like how pretty a songbird looks. That doesn't mean you have the right to play God and protect it. That's selfish and undermines our natural world.

Unwise men have been proving over and over just how uncaring and destructive they are to the world. They are liars, cheaters, thieves, and killers. I would exterminate a rich man before I would an animal.

Bairbre Bible
Bairbre Bible

Birdwatchers in Scotland flocked to see rare bird,  then watch it killed by wind turbine.  There hasn’t been a sighting of a White-throated Needletail in the United Kingdom for 22 years, so nearly 80 birdwatchers flocked to Scotland this week to get a look, the Telegraph reported.  But instead of enjoying the world’s fastest flying bird soaring, they watched it fly into the small blade of a wind turbine and die. FoxNews

"It was seen by birders fly straight into the turbine. It is ironic that after waiting so long for this bird to turn up in the UK, it was killed by a wind turbine and not a natural predator, “ Josh Jones of Bird Guides said.

I am unable to post the link.  This site will not let me post it.

Of course, that is alright because wind turbines per John Anderson, Director of Sitting Policy of the American Wind Association, are a "No energy source – or really any human activity for that matter – is completely free of impacts."  Tell that to the "carbon" birds that their deaths are "completely free of impacts"!  This would have been repeatedly ranted on the News if it was a carbon user and the carbon producer would have been crucified.

Wind Turbines are KILLERS!!! and destroy the landscape.  As an artist, I would never paint a wind turbine, except to show DEATH!

Peter J Wolf
Peter J Wolf

Endorsing the Smithsonian/U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service paper betrays, at best, a profound ignorance of the issue.

The authors’ astronomical “estimates” alone raises questions of credibility. The 1.4–3.7 billion annual bird mortalities reported by the Smithsonian/USFWS researchers represent an astonishing 29–76 percent of the estimated 4.7 billion land birds in ALL OF NORTH AMERICA. Were these figures even remotely accurate, the continent would have been devoid of birds long ago.

In addition, 57 of the 58 native bird species the Smithsonian/USFWS researchers claim are targeted by cats have been given a “Least Concern” conservation status by the International Union for Conservation of Nature. The one exception, the Northern Bobwhite, is considered “Near Threatened” due largely to “widespread habitat fragmentation” and extensive hunting. Moreover, the populations of at least 23 of those 58 species are, as indicated by nearly 45 years of North America Breeding Bird Survey data, stable or increasing.

A careful examination of the model these researchers used reveals one inflated input after another, each one the result of the researchers’ very selective review of the literature on the subject. “Garbage in, garbage out,” as they say in the computer science field.

It’s important to understand, too, that predation—even at very high levels—does not necessarily lead to population-level impacts. Like all predators, cats tend to prey on the young, the old, the weak, or unhealthy.At least two studies have investigated this in great detail, revealing that birds killed by cats are, on average, significantly less healthy that birds killed through non-predatory events (e.g., collisions with windows or cars). 

Habitat loss, wind turbines, pesticides, etc., are, by contrast, largely non-discriminatory. 


Peter J. Wolf

http://www.voxfelina.com 

Christina Cook
Christina Cook

People who let their cat's outdoors could at least put a bell around their felines neck so birds will hear them before they get too close.

Al pono
Al pono

Im afraid you are all mistaken, Cats do kill an absurd amount of wild birds. Just because they dont bring the birds home doesnt mean they dont murder thousands of birds in a week or a month. This isn't new news and the man quoted is just one of many pieces of research covering the topic. I remember a discovery channel documentary about cats, and how a scientist tracked one cat for 4 weeks and collected everything that the cat killed and it was almost 3 thousand birds and rodents. Cats are elite hunters, they are cold blooded killers. Just because they are fuzzy and purr does not mean they are genetically programmed to hunt prey. I am not even remotely suprised by this number and grossed out to see all you cat owners on here defending a creature that you have no idea of its true nature. Cats can be friendly, but when let outdoors are supreme killers. I like cats but I care about wild birds way more. Keep your cats inside.

Andrew Booth
Andrew Booth

The use of insecticides is also an important factor in reduced bird populations. Insects are a primary food source for many birds yet there are much fewer flies, moths, bugs and other insects around today as their populations have been reduced by insecticides.

I don't hold much with this argument advocating for wind turbines and other supposedly 'sustainable' energy sources. Even greatly increased numbers of turbines can only provide a fraction of the energy required and provided by fossil fuel. Turbines are also dependent upon very rare noble metals such as neodymium. Those elements only occur in trace amounts in nations like China which possesses 95% of the world's supply - obviously enabling them to control the market! Wind turbines are also very ugly and a real blight on the landscape visible for many miles away. 

There are no substitutes on the horizon to replace the efficiency and convenience of fossil fuels. Modern wind turbines are ugly, clumsy, inefficient and expensive. Maritime travel was powered for free entirely by the wind for thousands of years until fossil fuels proved themselves more efficient and convenient. If the advocates of wind power recognize the limitations of sailing ships and windmills over diesel power and electric power mills then they must also recognize the same limitations in these ugly great turbines. Until wind power advocates can improve on the performance of sailing vessels which reached their peak in the early 20th Century after thousands of years of development, they should stop ruining our landscapes and trying to tell us how efficient the things are! Get rid of them!    

Bairbre Bible
Bairbre Bible

Continued...

The real carbon polluters are the Chinese and others, not the US fuel companies...

Where is your outrage for your own industries blood on your hands for killing millions of birds? Oh, that's OK because you are politically acceptable, approved of in the political arena....... Did you spend millions in campaign contributions and who to?

This effect is not "overwhelmingly favorable" for the birds and I am sure the birds nor the cats would not and do not endorse your industry or the well respected national wildlife groups you cite!

Bairbre Bible
Bairbre Bible

So, John Anderson, Director of Sitting Policy of the American Wind Association, it is OK to kill 10,000 birds a day?  Let see, 10,000 times 365 days.....  So that is positive killing 3,650,000 endangered birds a year.  In ten years, you have killed more than 30 million birds....many more than the cats and the fuel companies you are attempting to villanize in an attempt to protect your financial interests.  I used to respect the agencies that you have cited but they also have a financial and political agenda!

You have a driven financial and political agenda to personally protect yourselves, not the birds......or the cats.  The carbon polluters that you are villanizing, are they equal to the immediate millions of birds that you are killing that you are allegedly promoting and protecting?  If the carbon fuel people,  kill one endangered bird, they are put out of business.  Your group kills millions a year and suffers no backlash but expects praise and accolades!  Your group destroys habitat for endangered lizards, birds, etc. but suffers no adverse reactions or demonization.  We need a truly balanced approach and yours is not the answer.

John Anderson
John Anderson

Consistent with this article, well-respected national wildlife groups such as the National Wildlife Federation (NWF) have identified climate change and the resulting habitat loss as the primary threat to avian species.  Our modern economy requires significant amounts of energy, and deciding where that energy will come from requires a careful cost benefit analysis.

No energy source – or really any human activity for that matter – is completely free of impacts. Since generating electricity from wind energy does not use water, emit greenhouse gases, create air or water pollution, and does not requires mining or drilling for fuel, the net result is overwhelmingly positive. The NWF agrees, and views renewable energy - including wind power - as necessary to "reduce our consumption of carbon-polluting fuels like coal, oil, tar sands and natural gas, which are driving climate change." For more on the NWF report's findings, please visit:

http://www.awea.org/blog/index.cfm?customel_dataPageID_1699=22960

John Anderson, Director of Siting Policy, American Wind Energy Association




Bairbre Bible
Bairbre Bible

As to climate change, centuries ago in the 1950, we learned in elementary school and high school from not politically correct teachers comon sense, that if the rain forests were destroyed (fires, encroachment of people) that earth's climate would be drastically change.  Gee, in this modern era of "intellectuals", they cannot seem to figure that out as one of the major reasons why the earth is being destroyed but have to go with a political agenda.  The rainforests are essential to maintain earth's climates stop the burning of rain forests!  Look at one island in the Phillipines immediate effect on Singapore!

Bairbre Bible
Bairbre Bible

Thank you Jay for an excellent comment.  One other "Glaring" omission is the failure to point out that wind power farms kill 10,000 birds a day but let a conservative kill one and they cry "Fowl"!

Jay Sharpe
Jay Sharpe

I do not understand why you would refer to the badly flawed smithsoinen research by a person with a proven bias against cats, and who was fond guilty of trying to poison cats and buy the same group that published an article buy a guy that was telling people to use talyonal ot poison cats. I would expect better of your publication than this.

Guy Holder
Guy Holder

This article starts out very correctly, reminding us that habitat destruction and encroachment is the only threat to our environment. Unfortunately towards the end it veers off into deception and alarmism.

William Cody
William Cody

Climate change is the most serious threat to migratory birds? Might I point out the obvious, these birds survived the last "Ice age", the global warming of the Roman through the Vikings eras, then some how made it through the "Little Ice Age", the "Dust Bowl", then the freeze that ran through to the 90s, followed by a few years of  our current pleasant weather. I hate watching the obvious problems being ignored, to promote a political agenda.

Trudee Trudee
Trudee Trudee

The creators of this article forgot to add MOSQUITO SPRAYING, HURRICANES, dirty fresh water, planes, pesticides, rat poison, bed bugs, bats, fox, owls and hawks, falcons, osprey, eagles - they all eat/kill birds, too.  Cats, give me a break.   95% of cats live indoors.  I've had cats for 30 years and the only bird that was killed was a bird that came into the house.  Two weeks ago after a plane made an emergency landing, a major television network actually had the nerve to say that "the birds hit the plane," when it should have been "the plane hit the birds."  You have got to see, if your eyes are fast enough, the huge peregrine falcon that grabs my yard birds mid air, almost daily.  Cats??  Cats can't jump high enough.  It seems this is another article written by a cat phobic.

Trudee Trudee
Trudee Trudee

The creators of this article forgot to add MOSQUITO SPRAYING, HURRICANES, dirty fresh water, planes, pesticides, rat poison, bed bugs, bats, fox, owls and hawks, falcons, osprey, eagles - they all eat/kill birds, too.  Cats, give me a break.   95% of cats live indoors.  I've had cats for 30 years and the only bird that was killed was a bird that came into the house.  Two weeks ago after a plane made an emergency landing, a major television network actually had the nerve to say that "the birds hit the plane," when it should have been "the plane hit the birds."  You have got to see, if your eyes are fast enough, the huge peregrine falcon that grabs my yard birds mid air, almost daily.  Cats??  Cats can't jump high enough.  It seems this is another article written by a cat phobic.

Trudee Trudee
Trudee Trudee

The creators of this article forgot to add MOSQUITO SPRAYING, HURRICANES, dirty fresh water, planes, pesticides, rat poison, bed bugs, bats, fox, owls and hawks, falcons, osprey, eagles - they all eat/kill birds, too.  Cats, give me a break.   95% of cats live indoors.  I've had cats for 30 years and the only bird that was killed was a bird that came into the house.  Two weeks ago after a plane made an emergency landing, a major television network actually had the nerve to say that "the birds hit the plane," when it should have been "the plane hit the birds."  You have got to see, if your eyes are fast enough, the huge peregrine falcon that grabs my yard birds mid air, almost daily.  Cats??  Cats can't jump high enough.  It seems this is another article written by a cat phobic.

greg brady
greg brady

@Bairbre Bible 


Who cares? Big deal! You worry about a rare bird. If it was a black bird or crow, you wouldn't give a damn. Its because its all about YOU and your selfish drive to stare at a particular bird. Birds weren't put here to be your pets. They were put here to come and go as they please and to get eaten by cats and other predators. If you think its significant to protect a bird just so you can sit around and stare at it, then it sounds like you need to get a REAL life.

Bairbre Bible
Bairbre Bible

@Andrew Booth Your statement makes common sense and I totally agree with you.

Side and humourous note.  I do not know you Andrew but Booth was also my maiden name!

Andrew Booth
Andrew Booth

@Bairbre Bible @Andrew Booth Hi Bairbre Bible.

The Booth surname is Danish (it means cowherder) and originates from the Rotherham area of Yorkshire in the north of England. It was first recorded here in the 13th century. My father was born and brought up in Rotherham as were all his ancestors, as well as the father of John Wilkes Booth. I was born in Aldershot in the south of England. 

If you know of having any connections to Rotherham then perhaps we are related.

Regards, Andrew.

Bairbre Bible
Bairbre Bible

@Andrew Booth @Bairbre Bible Sorry about replying late.  Yes, my family history goes to Yorkshire and I have to dig it out to get back with you.  This is really exciting.  I was in Scotland last year getting information on my Allen's.  How can we converse without posting for everyone?

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