National Geographic News
Orangutan picture: a female orangutan and her baby in a tree in Borneo.
A female Bornean orangutan and her baby in Indonesia's Gunung Palung National Park.

Photograph by Tim Laman, National Geographic

Ker Than

for National Geographic News

Published November 15, 2011

People are eating orangutans to extinction in Indonesia, a new study says.

Hundreds of the big apes are hunted annually for meat or to eliminate threats to crops in the country's Kalimantan region (map) on the island of Borneo, according to a survey of 7,000 local villagers.

The survey results suggest that between 750 and 1,790 Bornean orangutans are killed each year in Kalimantan—"high enough to pose a serious threat to the continued existence of orangutans in Kalimantan," according to the study.

There are two distinct species of orangutan, the Bornean orangutan and the Sumatran orangutan. While both species are considered endangered by the International Union for Conservation of Nature, the new study deals with only Bornean orangutans living in Kalimantan.

(See "Up to 2,000 New Orangutans Found on Borneo [2009].")

Scientists estimate that if more than than one percent of female orangutans in a given population are killed in a year, that population will go extinct—a figure that doesn't bode well for the Kalimantan apes.

Assuming that males and females are killed in equal numbers, then between 375 and 1,550 female orangutans—or between 0.9 and 3.6 percent of Kalimantan's total female orangutan population—are killed annually.

People vs. Orangutans

University of Oxford wildlife ecologist Amy Dickman said she was not surprised by the number of orangutans being killed in Indonesia.

Even so, "the amount of killing that goes on is often very surprising to people," said Dickman, who runs a Wildlife Conservation Research Unit (WildCRU) project funded by the Big Cats Initiative of the National Geographic Society, which owns National Geographic News. The project studies conflicts between people, lions, and other large carnivores in Tanzania.

"People are very focused on habitat loss, which they need to be, but that often leads to a tipping point where the wildlife goes into human-dominated land, causes conflict, and gets killed very quickly." (See pictures of wild orangutans in National Geographic magazine.)

Another problem is that people often have the upper hand in run-ins with wildlife, said Dickman, who is not involved in the new study.

"People now have much more deadly ways of responding to conflict," Dickman said.

"They used to just be able to kill animals using simple traps or spears, but now you've got tools such as poisons and AK-47s and explosives, which makes the lethal control of animals much more efficient."

Coexisting With Wildlife

One possible silver lining is that the study found that only a small number of people reported killing an orangutan. Also most people who do kill orangutans in Kalimantan kill only one or a few of the animals in their lifetimes, according to the survey.

"This suggests that most people who kill may do so opportunistically," the authors write in the November 11 edition of the journal PLoS ONE, "and it might be relatively easy to convince people that such killings are no longer socially acceptable."

(See "Orangutans May Be Closest Human Relatives, Not Chimps.")

The University of Oxford's Dickman said one key to stopping human-wildlife conflicts is to provide people with the means to coexist peacefully with animals.

For example, in Tanzania, Dickman's WildCRU group helped villagers obtain improved livestock enclosures. This action has reduced the rates of livestock attacks by large carnivores from an average of two a week to zero.

Gubás Gabriella
Gubás Gabriella

http://orangutanssite.wordpress.c o m/

http://orangutans.beep.c o m/

The Subud is a word wide organization with a vague background. During the previous decades it become a serious network, which has an 

effective on every aspect of life, including banks, organizations for youth and culture, enterprises, foundations and a huge empire of 

property wealth.

Actually Subud is a sect, based on the Islam, with myriad members, who can govern using financial dependence and psychical effect (Lathian 

trance) too. 

The official founder was R.M. Muhammad Subuh Sumohadiwidjujo (1901-1987), known after the World War II. as Pak Subuh from Indonesia. At the 

beginning the sect existed only in Java, but in the 50’s – 60’s it extended word wide, taking out influential people to be their supporter 

directly or by implication. However the real intellectual leading and ideology bases came from a totally different direction. Doctrines, 

worded by the well-known Russian dancer Gurdjieff, has been translated to the sect in the 40’s – 50’s by John G. Bennett, who was the 

disciple of Gurdjieff with a very interesting intelligence past and can be correlate with more organizations. Since the tsarist period ends 

Gurdjieff itself has been getting in a vague touch with Russians.

Orangutan Banana
Orangutan Banana

These companies employ more hundreds workers indirectly.

All subgenera of the orangutan of borneo are endangered, but according to the scientists the situation of the Pongo pygmaeus pygmaeus, counted only 3000-4500 individual, is specially critical. Central Borneo is the main still exist territory of the orangutans, right there, where the Subud-empire havocs the environment.


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