Published March 2, 2011
Deep in Indonesia, motion-activated cameras have recorded two critically endangered Javan rhinoceroses with their calves. Though the footage is "great news," only 40 individuals remain—with none in captivity, conservationists say.
© 2011 National Geographic; Video courtesy WWF
Javan Rhinoceros Facts
New video offers scientists encouraging evidence for the survival of critically endangered and rarely seen rhinoceroses in Indonesia.
WWF recently released motion-activated camera video captured in the Ujung Kulon National Park on the island of Java.
The first video shows a female Javan rhino with her male calf walking through the rain forest and munching on leaves. At one point, the calf turns away and wags its tail, possibly to swat a fly.
WWF points out that the Javan rhino is one of the world’s rarest mammals, with as few as 40 left in the wild. None are in captivity.
The confirmed population exists on the western tip of Java, in the national park. Its small, concentrated population size contributes to its vulnerability—any natural disaster could wipe out the remaining animals. In addition, because of its perceived medicinal qualities, the rhino remains a target of poachers. A Javan rhino was killed for its horn in 2010 in Vietnam.
The second video shows a different female and her female calf of about one year of age.
A WWF scientist says the videos are great news, and prove the rhinos are breeding in the park.
Conservationists hope to protect the existing animals, and establish a new population through relocation.
How to Feed Our Growing Planet
National Geographic explores how we can feed the growing population without overwhelming the planet in our food series.
The Innovators Project
After achieving nuclear fusion at age 14, Taylor, now 19, is working with subatomic particles for solutions to nuclear terrorism and cancer.
These embryonic fish are transparent, making it easy to watch their brain cells in action. by Virginia Hughes
Latest News Video
The nation's most complete Tyrannosaurus rex specimen is taking a 2,000-mile road trip from Montana to its new home in Washington, D.C.