MANHATTAN 1609 vs. 2009: Natural Wonder to Urban Jungle

MANHATTAN 1609 vs. 2009: Natural Wonder to Urban Jungle
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Four hundred years ago Manhattan's Upper East Side (left foreground) and Harlem neighborhoods (left background) were Lenape Indian hunting-and-gathering territories (illustration at right).

Mannahatta Project director Eric Sanderson hopes that knowledge of Manhattan's past will help urban planners build better cities tomorrow.

He has a thought experiment for them: "If you knew everything about Mannahatta's original ecology and could rebuild Manhattan using the best ideas of green design today, what kind of city would you build? And what would it be like to live there?"
—Image courtesy Markley Boyer, Mannahatta Project/Wildlife Conservation Society
 
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