PHOTOS: Parachute Spider, New Shrew on 2008 ''Red List''

PHOTOS: Fishing Cat, New Shrew Among At-Risk Species
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Purple Marsh Crab

Found only in the wetlands of upper Guinea in West Africa, the purple marsh crab lives in muddy holes that remain wet even during the dry season. The first living specimens of these semiterrestrial air-breathers were collected in 2005.

The recent discovery of a new population of this elusive crab has led to its conservation status being reclassified from "critical" to "endangered" on the 2008 Red List of Threatened Species.
—Photograph by Neil Cumberlidge/courtesy IUCN
 
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