Amazon Deforestation Drops 25 Percent, Brazil Says

<< Back to Page 1   Page 2 of 2

Claudia Stickler, a graduate fellow at the Woods Hole Research Center in Falmouth, Massachusetts, agreed the falling deforestation rates are mostly due to economic factors.

"But the scary thing is that this year and next year [the market] could certainly go up again, and there could be new clearing," she said.

For example, increasing demand for ethanol is causing U.S. farmers to abandon soy in favor of corn, which increases demand for Brazilian soy.

And in Brazil, demand for ethanol from sugarcane is also rising.

"That means that more land is going into sugarcane, which means that soy is being displaced in Brazil too," Stickler said.

"[Soy farming] needs to go somewhere, and mostly it is expanding north into the Amazon."

Soy is also a major source for biodiesel. As demand for the plant-based fuel increases, that demand could put even more pressure on the forests, she added. (See rain forest photos and video.)

Different Policies

WWF-Brazil's Hamú said environmental and economic policies in Brazil are misaligned.

For example, a government program to accelerate growth this year relies heavily on infrastructure projects like roads and dams, which aid deforestation, she said.

"What we are advocating is that nature should be seen as an asset and not as a barrier," she said.

The Brazilian government needs to invest in intensified agriculture—for instance, making the most of already cultivated land—to continue to curb deforestation and simultaneously grow the economy, Stickler said.

"If the decline in deforestation could be maintained, that would be fantastic," she said.

"Right now, carbon emissions from land-use change—which includes forest conversion—contributes about a quarter of annual global carbon emissions."

(Learn how greenhouse gases contribute to global warming.)

Free Email News Updates
Sign up for our Inside National Geographic newsletter. Every two weeks we'll send you our top stories and pictures (see sample).

<< Back to Page 1   Page 2 of 2


SOURCES AND RELATED WEB SITES

ADVERTISEMENT

NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC'S PHOTO OF THE DAY

NEWS FEEDS     After installing a news reader, click on this icon to download National Geographic News's XML/RSS feed.   After installing a news reader, click on this icon to download National Geographic News's XML/RSS feed.

Get our news delivered directly to your desktop—free.
How to Use XML or RSS

National Geographic Daily News To-Go

Listen to your favorite National Geographic news daily, anytime, anywhere from your mobile phone. No wires or syncing. Download Stitcher free today.
Click here to get 12 months of National Geographic Magazine for $15.