Nineteen known species of Ipomoea
morning glory, shown here, grow in Hawaii. In Hawaiian traditional medicine the plants' roots and leaves are crushed into a paste and used to treat cuts, sores, and even broken bones.
In addition to birds, mammals, and fish the National Geographic book Archipelago
explores much of the unique plant life that inhabits the remote Northwestern Hawaiian Islands. The islands support more than 7,000 plant and animal species, including many that are found nowhere else on Earth.
Ocean Conservancy President Roger Rufe calls the area encompassed by the new national monument "a national treasure" on par with Yellowstone and Grand Canyon National Parks. The monument will eventually be given a native Hawaiian name chosen by residents of the state.
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Photograph by David Liittschwager and Susan Middleton