From Contributions by Liesl Clark, John Bredar, and Yvonne Oomen
The National Geographic 50th Anniversary Everest Expedition commemorates the first ascent of the world's highest mountain, by Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay in May 1953. It also honors the first Americans to stand on the top of the world, including Barry Bishop, in 1963.
The sons of Everest pioneers Hillary, Norgay, and BishopPeter Hillary, Jamling Norgay, and Brent Bishopare helping make a documentary that will air on the National Geographic Channel in the United States and internationally in 2003.
The National Geographic 50th Anniversary Everest Expedition is made possible in part by the generous support of American International Group, Inc.
After several harrowing days high on the world's tallest mountain, Peter Hillary, Peter Athans, Brent Bishop and the rest of the National Geographic 50th Anniversary Everest Expedition team have returned safely to Base Camp. There, they are enjoying a brief rest to recover from the grueling conditions, that have recently claimed its first fatality of the climbing season.
The Geographic team climbed as high as Camp III (altitude 23,700 feet), where the nasty weather for which the mountain is famous made life quite uncomfortable. A jet stream was howling only 3,000 feet (1,000 meters) above the camp, which meant a nerve-wracking night, according to Yvonne Oomen, Peter Hillary's wife, who is in the couple's home in New Zealand. She receives regular satellite phone calls from Hillary.
While at Camp III, the group got little sleep, instead spending the night holding their tents together in the fierce wind. Their efforts paid off, and they survived the ordeal with no damage to tents or gear. Climbers who were not at Camp III to tend to their tents were not so lucky, the empty camp of a Swiss team was flattened.
The jet stream on the summit of Everest can reach as much as 350 miles per hour, blowing equipment and even people right off the mountain. At lower altitudes the wind velocity is not as life-threatening, but it is certainly uncomfortable.
Treacherous conditions dogged the team all the way back to Base Camp, including recurring avalanches on the Western Cwm and treacherous collapses in the ever-dangerous Khumbu Icefall, where climbers rely on a precarious array of fixed ropes and ladder-bridges to negotiate massive, shifting blocks of ice.
The team found the icefall a "significantly different place from mere days earlier," said Oomen.
Whole "garage-size" chunks of ice had moved around and some of the fixed ladders had been wrenched out of position. One large piece of ice collapsed in near proximity to the team and gave them, according to the ever-understated Peter Hillary, "a bit of a fright."
Despite the scare, the entire team is reported to be in good shape, although many are suffering from the hacking coughs common at high altitude. Their spirits are ebullient, however, although they were saddened to hear of the death of a British climber from another expeditionthe season's first fatality.